The Hawk's Eye

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Social Media is Eroding Our Ability to Detect Fact

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As social media has evolved over time, it has given a voice to many who seldom had one before. Twitter might be the best representation of this phenomenon, as a simple search can reveal a tweet from almost anyone. However, social media has also worsened some of society’s most problematic traits. Media platforms such as Twitter, Instagram, and Facebook have become centered around seeking popularity over sharing facts. We post anything from photoshopped photos to fabricated numbers and statements with little hesitation, and unless you know the perpetrator well, you are left only to believe what your eyes recognize. The pursuit of alike, thumbs up, or retweet can drive the user to abandon their allegiances to reality and sever ties to the truth.

However, unknown to some, this is not limited to the sphere of celebrity. While social media has opened up a whole new way for people to access, identify, and report the facts, many news and opinion outlets have become corrupt in pursuit of popularity. For some, they will label outlandish and unproven opinions as fact and claim they are exclusively reporting the truth; others sit back, identify a target audience, and report anything that appeals to them. Admittedly, the success of these tactics says just as much about us being easily manipulated by the pursuit of popularity, as being aligned with popular opinion makes one believe they are validated. At the same time, these tactics have created an atmosphere where no source can be appropriately trusted, as while one claims fact, another accuses it of pushing an agenda.

For example, the New York Times has been the gold standard of journalism in this country for decades. Recently, the Online News Association, a coalition of online journalists and reporters, listed the New York Times in the gold standard grouping of journalism and reporting. While the group did concede it is slightly left-leaning, the reporting and content are factual and reputable. A survey done by Statista found that 50% of participants rated the Times “very accurate” or better, while only 24% said it was not reliable. Contrarily, analysis done by Punditfact shows that at least 22% of the reporting done at CNN, MSNBC, and Fox is objectively false at heart. Statista polling shows that 33% of pollers found MSNBC untrustworthy, with CNN and Fox scoring even higher. Furthermore, only MSNBC was ranked in the gold standard of reporting by the ONA.

Contrary to some beliefs, the New York Times is not failing. The company reported a record increase of nearly 43% in online subscribers in an annual cycle. Some are adamant about labeling the Times as “failing,” and they voice their statements through one medium more than any other: Twitter.

In my own Twitter research, I searched accounts who had given supported the “failing New York Times” propaganda, and with each I examined their account, searching through trends between users. About 70% of the accounts I analyzed not only had criticized the Times as untrustworthy but had posted some form of admission that they don’t/haven’t actively read the source. This trend is concerning for two potential reasons: Either the user is falsely claiming they don’t read any of the outlet’s work, or they are claiming the Times to be false without having actively read any of their content. Regardless of the reasoning, this can be traced back to a typical scenario we see across social media: The constant chase to be in the ‘popular’ grouping.

Through media like Twitter and Instagram, one looks to try and align their post with what they believe to be the popular trend. From nearly or copying the caption of a celebrities post for one’s own to how one poses or dresses in photos, we follow our cues from those at the top of the popularity hierarchy, often hoping our replications can pull one step closer to them. This falsehood extends beyond the realm of social celebrity, as we take our cues for our political expressions from those of popularities past. We echo the phrasings and statements of those we support politically like a paroquet: Often not understanding the full meaning, but with the conception that doing so better aligns you with the popular thought and action of your desired group.

So what can we do? We’re already too deep in to reverse the trend we have fallen. Besides, doing so would tear apart the fabric of modern-day society and send news outlets into chaos trying to find a new target audience, therefore creating more problems. However, instead of trying to solve it in one leap, there are ways to take small steps to rectify our misconceptions and malpractices. I’m smart enough to know that telling you how to operate online won’t change anything, but can be done is changing how you intake the news and reporting. Abandon practices of reading to confirm or disprove opinions, instead read to learn the fact. Fixate on the numbers, the quotes, and the verifiable evidence, rather than the interpretations and the commentary. Let’s go back to acknowledging the fact before spouting our opinion.

Feminist Attacks on Male Gamers

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The hobby of gaming has always been seen as a waste of time. It has also been used as a scapegoat by media outlets to explain school shootings. Feminists have been the most recent group to put a negative label on gamers. Currently, gamers are labeled as violent, lazy, and anti-feminist by the public. Like all the other claims, the label put on gamers by feminists are based on false or bias claims.

The gaming community is made up of 48% females and 52% males, 6% of females identify as gamers and 15% of males identify as gamers. The rest of the people who didn’t identify as gamers can be classified as casual gamers: these are the people who play facebook games and phone games. Once thought as a male-only community, gaming has evolved to be more inclusive to every gender.

Recently there has been a problem in the community. With the rise of Twitch, everyone is trying to become the biggest streamer. But non-gamer girls have come into the community to exploit pre-teens for their donations by using their sexuality. Twitch’s rules state that you have to be playing video games at all times, but with these streams, video games are second to the streamer. In most cases, the aspect of a webcam to video games is ridiculous. Legendary Lea, Zoie Burgher, Celestia Vega,  Little Fey, and more use the platform to bring in money from subscriptions and donations from 14-16 year-old kids. In particular, Zoie Burgher brought in donations by promising to twerk for a certain amount of money. Additionally, certain people such as Little Fey promise to add viewers to a private Snapchat, where they post sexual content, to people who subscribe for a certain amount of time. Older gamers have expressed disgust for this exploitation and they have tried pushing these types of streamers out of their community for the sake of real female streamers. To feminists, such as Anita Sarkeesian, they are only pushing these women out of the community because they are women, and completely miss the fact that these “gamer” girls are only in the community to take money from impressionable pre-teens.

Another of the biggest problems in the gaming community is the intrusion by non-gamers who are looking to start problems. Anita Sarkeesian, a self proclaimed gamer, is one of these intruders. Sarkeesian was the cause of the #Gamergate situation were some gamers took it upon themselves to verbally attack people like Sarkeesian. During this horrible situation, a few things about Sarkeesian were brought to light. Sarkeesian, during a class visit at Claremont McKenna College in 2010, claimed not to be a gamer and not know anything about video games, but five years later, at another seminar, she claimed to be a gamer all of her life. She then started a youtube series called Tropes versus Women in Video Games. This series was made to expose aspects of games that are problematic for feminists. This series could have been great because I agree that in some cases oversexualization in video games are problematic and more games need female protagonists. But the quality of videos worsen as time went on. Sarkeesian began falsifying information to her viewers about games. For example, in Hitman there is a scene where the protagonist goes through a strip club to assassinate a male target. The goal of the game is to only kill the target and go undetected; killing civilians prevents you from advancing in the game. Sarkeesian completely ignored the goal of the game and began killing the strippers in game. She claimed that the game promoted the murder of women because of this part of the game, and those who enjoyed the game were misogynists. This and many other examples enraged gamers and led to cyber attacks on Sarkeesian. I do not agree with the behavior taken by those who participated in the cyber attacks, but I believe that they decided to do so because behind the screen people feel invincible. This situation could have been prevented if Sarkessian didn’t make claims based on false information or manipulated information.

Recently, Sarkeesian was once again in the news for attacking Tyler “Ninja” Blevins’ achievement of being the first gamer ever to appear on ESPN’s magazine cover. Ninja made a remark that he wouldn’t stream with female streamers out of respect for his wife. Ninja saw that streaming with the opposite gender could create false rumors and damage his marriage. For example, another streamer, Guy “Dr.Disrespect” Beahm, began streaming with a female streamer and in a couple weeks the internet began questioning Guy’s faithfulness to his wife. The rumors caused him to quit streaming for months to repair his strained marriage. At no point did Ninja say that he wouldn’t stream with females because they aren’t as good as men at gaming. He made sure to choose his words correctly to be sure he couldn’t be misquoted and painted as a misogynist. Sarkeesian still tweeted, “wait wait wait isn’t this the guy who said he won’t play with women? cool cool cool way to go @espn elevating the status of a misogynist”. As we look at the choice of words we see she didn’t learn from the #Gamergate situation. By removing the phrase “out of respect for his wife”, all of a sudden Ninja could be seen as a misogynist. Words matter. The way we use language and information matters as well. There are good approaches to everything, but Sarkeesian and many others have approached the situation poorly and, as a result, they receive backlash from the community. Gamers are not anti-feminist in the slightest, but they disapprove of the faces leading feminism into the gaming community. For a movement to be successful the face of the movement has to be honest, open, and reasonable; and gaming has yet to witness a good leader.

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Why Mandatory Voting Can Save the United States’ Democracy

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As the New York Times reported, just 60.2% of eligible voters made their voice heard in the 2016 presidential election. In such a close election, a few thousand votes separated the two candidates. Local elections are regularly decided by a few hundred votes. Mandatory voting, or the idea that all citizens must vote in each election, creates a more engaged populace. It can change the results of elections to benefit the largest percentage of the population. If politicians knew that everyone would vote, they would be forced to appease a larger number of people. If more people made their voice heard, the government would be held more accountable by a public who felt more invested in the actions of their government.

The concept of mandatory voting, despite its novelty domestically, is not a new idea internationally. In fact, Australia, Belgium, and Mexico all have compulsory voting, along with 19 other countries worldwide. Although it may seem outlandish to some Americans, developed and undeveloped countries alike have found success with the model.

The words “mandatory” and “compulsory” may be scary words for the freedom-loving citizens of the United States. On its face, the concept might seem dictatorial, as forcing any body of people to complete a given task has negative connotations associated with it. However, “compulsory” does not imply that an offender would be thrown in jail, as the penalties are often just small and nominal. In Australia, a $15-$35 fine is incurred for not voting. In Belgium, the penalty for choosing not to vote in four successive elections is disenfranchisement for just ten years.

These penalties are fairly tame, but they can help create a culture of political engagement. Historically, it’s been clear that compulsory voting correlates with more citizen involvement. When the Netherlands abandoned compulsory voting, the voter turnout dropped 20%, and Venezuela saw a drop in voter turnout of 30% once the mandate was removed. If more of the populace is voting, a herd mentality leads others to vote. Even if a small fine isn’t enough to compel some voters, it will still change the culture.

One question people naturally have is: “what if I don’t like any of the options?” This might seem like the biggest barrier to mandatory voting, but it can, in fact, be mitigated quite easily. Simply adding an “abstain” option next to the candidates allows citizens to vote but still not support either candidate. In this way, citizens are engaged, but they still can opt out of choosing a candidate they hate. It forces the people to consider their choice, rather than just letting the civic duty slip their mind while they sit at home.

Detractors might also say that mandatory voting can’t work because some people work during the day, and they don’t have enough time to get to the polls. However, this problem can be easily solved, too. Voting day should be a national holiday. This solution also serves to benefit voters of lower socioeconomic status. As the Pew Research Center reported, those in a lower socioeconomic class got to the polls less frequently than average in the 2016 election, so a national holiday on voting day would amplify the voices of the most vulnerable.

Compulsory voting doesn’t have to be unreasonable. Both Belgium and Australia offer to waive the compulsion if provided with a valid reason, which would prevent a penalty for people who really can’t afford it. If the US were to implement mandatory voting, the system could be lenient. Just like the governments of Australia and Belgium, the United States government could simply waive the rule if presented with a valid excuse. Ultimately, the goal is to change the culture and increase pride in the system, not to punish citizens.

In the United States today, political engagement is on the rise. Young people are making their voices heard, lots of the population feels very strongly about certain issues, and, more than ever, decisions made today will affect us for hundreds of years to come. It’s important to capitalize on this momentum and make sure that the most vulnerable in our society are heard. Mandatory voting, even despite the negative connotations that come with its title, can unite our nation around a crucial civic duty. Today, press freedoms are under attack, and fascism is on the rise, but mandatory voting can help reverse this dangerous path and save our democracy.

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Fall Out Itineraries and Packing Lists

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Fall out is one of my personal favorite Head-Royce traditions. From 6-12th grade, you have the opportunity to spend 2 or 3 days in the outdoors with your classmates, providing the perfect time for bonding with new and old friends. Below you will find itineraries and packing lists!

Freshmen and Sophomores

Itinerary

Wednesday, August 29

8:25 am – light breakfast at school

10 am – leave Head-Royce by bus (bring your lunch)

2:30 pm – arrive Mountain Camp/Ice House Lake

4 pm – orientation and cabin check-in 6 pm dinner (great food including vegetarian options)

7 pm – evening activities

9:30 pm – bedtime

Thursday, August 30

7:30 am – wake up

8 am – breakfast

9 am – activity session 1

10:30 am – activity session 2

12 pm – lunch and rest period

2 pm – free choice activity session 3

3:30 pm – free time

5 pm – advising group fun time

6 pm – dinner

7:30 pm – evening activities

9:30 pm – bedtime

Friday, August 31

7:30 am – wake up

8 am – breakfast

9 am – activities session 4

10:30 am – free choice activity session 5

12 pm – lunch

12:30 pm – pack and camp cleanup

1 pm – depart by bus

5 pm – arrive at Head-Royce (arrange for students to be picked up)

 

Packing List

  • BAG LUNCH (for 3-hour bus ride)
  • Socks and underwear (three pair each)
  • Backpack (to hold personal items and a water bottle during the day)
  • One small duffle bag
  • Sleepwear
  • Hat for sun protection and a warm cap for the evenings
  • Sleeping bag* (pillow optional)
  • Towel and washcloth
  • Shorts (one pair)
  • Toiletries (toothbrush/paste, soap, etc.)
  • Jeans or other long pants (one pair) for evenings
  • Insect repellent
  • Jacket and/or sweatshirt (for cold nights)
  • Sunscreen
  • T-shirts (three)
  • Long-sleeved shirt
  • Bathing suit
  • Flashlight
  • Sandals or flip flops (for beach activities)
  • Sturdy hiking/athletic shoes (one pair)
  • Water bottle
  • OPTIONAL: book, guitar, cards, camera, sunglasses

Please do NOT bring: Video games, bluetooth speakers or other electronic devices. You also do not need money during this school-sponsored trip, so please refrain from bringing along extra cash.

Cell phone policies:

9th: Cell phones are permitted on the bus to and from Mountain Camp, but you will check your phones in with the camp office upon arrival. Phones will remain in a secure location for the duration of our stay and will be returned to you when we board the buses for our return to campus.

10th: Cell phones are permitted, but students will be asked to leave them in their cabins while engaged in daytime activities.

 

Juniors and Seniors

Important Dates/Times

11th: 7:00 am on Thursday, August 30 and runs through mid-afternoon on Friday, August 31

12th: 6:00 am on Wednesday, August 29 and return around 2:00 pm on Thursday, August 30

Packing List

For Camp:

  • Sleeping bag
  • Foam or inflatable pad (key to a good night)
  • Flashlight
  • One set of camp clothes (including shoes and socks and warm layers)
  • Plastic bag for wet clothes
  • Small towel
  • Necessary toiletries (keep it simple)
  • Insect repellent

For river rafting:

  • Sunscreen
  • Sunglasses with a secure head strap
  • A pair of tennis shoes, water socks, or rafting sandals, such as Keens (you will not be allowed to raft in flip-flops as they will fall off and float away down the river)
  • Hat or visor
  • Swimsuit
  • T-shirt or (better yet) quick-drying shirt
  • Protective lip balm
  • Sunscreen (that’s right, it’s on here twice, to help you remember).

Optional Items

  • Camera
  • Musical instrument
  • Spare glasses or contacts

 

Please avoid bringing valuables on the river. Things will be safe on the bus and at the EarthTrek camp.

 

Summer Music 2018

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Summer is just around the corner! Not only do you have to look forward to sleeping in, partying all night, and of course no homework, but there are going to be some new songs and albums to jam out to while you are at it.

To start off the summer, on June 15, Christina Aguilera’s new album Liberation will be released. This will not only be a big day for her but for her fans as well; Aguilera has not released an album since Lotus in 2012. Ever since giving birth to her second daughter in 2014, she has been juggling being a devoted mother and writing her new album. There is no doubt that this talented singer will shock all her fans around the world with her new album, but hers isn’t the only one to look out for. 5 Seconds of Summer will also be releasing their new album Youngblood on June 22. This Australian pop rock band formed in 2011 and, although they aren’t as popular as other pop bands, they have a few top hit singles such as Amnesia (2014) and She’s Kinda Hot (2015).

One of the most awaited album releases is for Ariana Grande’s album Sweetener. Although there is no official release date, Grande says that is definitely “coming this summer.” However, she may have spilled the beans on this special date during an interview with host Jimmy Fallon in early April; Grande revealed that “there are only three 20ths until the big thing,” so fans can infer that the likely release date for her new album is July 20th. Grande chose to name this album Sweetener because “It’s kind of about bringing light to a situation or to someone’s life, or somebody else bring[ing] life to your life. Sweetening the situation.”

For new upcoming singles in the summer, there aren’t many to keep an eye out for; however, there are some songs that have already been released that will be top hits throughout the entire summer such as God’s Plan by Drake, FRIENDS by Marshmello feat Anne Marie, and Psycho by Post Malone ft Ty Dolla $ign. Popular music today ranges from pop to rap and even to country music. Make sure to keep updating your summer playlist, as there will be new music to discover almost every week.

2018 Summer Movies

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This summer, we have a ton of great movies heading our way! From outer space adventures to a thriller about forgotten ancestry, we, here at expos, can’t wait to hit the theaters.

Solo: A Star Wars Story (May 25)

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Ocean’s 8 (June 8)

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Hereditary (June 8)

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Incredible’s 2 (June 15)

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Superfly (June 15)

Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom (June 22)

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Sicario 2 (June 29)

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Replica (August 17)

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7000 Kids in 5 Years

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I’ve been struggling to try to find the words that wrap up everything into less than a minute. I keep looking through Twitter, Instagram, and Facebook looking for someone else’s words who can capture mine better than I possibly could, but all I kept seeing was their tweets and posts.

I saw Joaquin Oliver’s year anniversary post for his girlfriend and Alyssa Alhadeff’s club soccer photos. I read about coach Feis, who worked three jobs to support his family. I watched videos of Meadow Polkack’s brothers and father telling the President of the United States that they will NEVER see her again. I scrolled through articles talking about Anthony Borges, the freshman who defended his classmates with his own body and has been in the hospital ever since.

These people were us. They snapchatted and did their homework and debated whether or not that extra five minutes of sleep was truly worth it. If we allow politicians to continue to ignore common sense gun laws, eventually the shooting won’t be 2,558 miles away.

7000 kids: that’s how many have died because of gun violence since Sandy Hook, and it will only grow. #NeverAgain can we let children with guns kill children with pens. NEVER AGAIN. NEVER AGAIN. NEVER AGAIN. MARCH EXERCISE YOUR RIGHT TO VOTE. SPEAK AND MAKE NOISE.

12 Signs You’re a Second Semester Senior

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  1. Seeing underclassmen and being grateful you’re not them
  2. Caring more about BuzzFeed quizzes than actual tests
  3. Realizing the freshmen look like children

      4. Feeling old

                 

       5. Any time a person asks you about college…

      6. Before every Senior Project survey

      7. Increasing irritability towards teachers who actually assign homework

      8. Every Monday feels like:

      9. Trying to focus in class be like:

       10. When teachers say it is up to seniors to be “responsible” “respectful” role models

          11. When teachers say you should start studying for the AP exams

          12. Feeling ready to leave

 

Best Off Campus Lunch Spots

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Here is a compilation of the best off campus lunch spots, according to the Expos upper classmen.

Montclair Egg Shop

Menu: http://www.montclaireggshop.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/Menu-Weekday_2017_x.pdf

Student review: “Super good with really good breakfast. If you’re going, make sure you have a long block before or after lunch so you have enough time!” (Julia B, 11)

Las Comadres Taqueria

Menu: http://www.taquerialascomadres.com/our-menu.html 

Student review: “One word: amazing. Super quick, close, and delicious.” (Claire R, 11)

Flippers

Menu: https://www.allmenus.com/ca/oakland/460071-flippers-gourmet-burgers/menu/

Student review: “Great curly fries! The greek salad is good when you don’t want a burger.” (Kate VR, 11)

Mr. Green Bubble

Menu: https://www.zomato.com/oakland-ca/mr-green-bubble-1-piedmont/menu

Student review: “While they’re known for the boba, the fried chicken is also very good, along with a selection of other good food.” (Sonali P, 11)

 

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2018 Oscar Predicitons

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The 90th Annual Academy Award Nominations were released today, and, as an avid movie watcher, I have put together a ballot for the plausible winners. Note that any category with a star is one that I’m not quite sure about, but I’ll be updating as I see more of the documentaries and shorts!

Best Picture “Call Me by Your Name”

“Darkest Hour”

“Dunkirk”

“Get Out”

“Lady Bird”

“Phantom Thread”

“The Post”

“The Shape of Water”

“Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri”

Lead Actor Timothée Chalamet, “Call Me by Your Name”

Daniel Day-Lewis, “Phantom Thread”  (watch out for DDL!)

Daniel Kaluuya, “Get Out”

Gary Oldman, “Darkest Hour”

Denzel Washington, “Roman J. Israel, Esq.”

Lead Actress Sally Hawkins, “The Shape of Water”

Frances McDormand, “Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri”

Margot Robbie, “I, Tonya”

Saoirse Ronan, “Lady Bird”

Meryl Streep, “The Post”

Supporting Actor Willem Dafoe, “The Florida Project”

Woody Harrelson, “Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri”

Richard Jenkins, “The Shape of Water”

Christopher Plummer, “All the Money in the World”

Sam Rockwell, “Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri”

Supporting Actress Mary J. Blige, “Mudbound”

Allison Janney, “I, Tonya”

Lesley Manville, “Phantom Thread”

Laurie Metcalf, “Lady Bird”

Octavia Spencer, “The Shape of Water”

Director “Dunkirk,” Christopher Nolan

“Get Out,” Jordan Peele

“Lady Bird,” Greta Gerwig

“Phantom Thread,” Paul Thomas Anderson

“The Shape of Water,” Guillermo del Toro

Animated Feature “The Boss Baby,” Tom McGrath, Ramsey Ann Naito

“The Breadwinner,” Nora Twomey, Anthony Leo

“Coco,” Lee Unkrich, Darla K. Anderson

“Ferdinand,” Carlos Saldanha

“Loving Vincent,” Dorota Kobiela, Hugh Welchman, Sean Bobbitt, Ivan Mactaggart, Hugh Welchman

Animated Short:

 

“Dear Basketball,” Glen Keane, Kobe Bryant

“Garden Party,” Victor Caire, Gabriel Grapperon

“Lou,” Dave Mullins, Dana Murray

“Negative Space,” Max Porter, Ru Kuwahata

“Revolting Rhymes,” Jakob Schuh, Jan Lachauer

Adapted Screenplay: “Call Me by Your Name,” James Ivory

“The Disaster Artist,” Scott Neustadter & Michael H. Weber

“Logan,” Scott Frank & James Mangold and Michael Green

“Molly’s Game,” Aaron Sorkin

“Mudbound,” Virgil Williams and Dee Rees

Original Screenplay:

 

“The Big Sick,” Emily V. Gordon & Kumail Nanjiani

“Get Out,” Jordan Peele

“Lady Bird,” Greta Gerwig

“The Shape of Water,” Guillermo del Toro, Vanessa Taylor

“Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri,” Martin McDonagh

Cinematography: “Blade Runner 2049,” Roger Deakins (watch out!)

“Darkest Hour,” Bruno Delbonnel

“Dunkirk,” Hoyte van Hoytema

“Mudbound,” Rachel Morrison

“The Shape of Water,” Dan Laustsen

*Best Documentary Feature: Abacus: Small Enough to Jail,” Steve James, Mark Mitten, Julie Goldman (PBS)

“Faces Places,” JR, Agnès Varda, Rosalie Varda

“Icarus,” Bryan Fogel, Dan Cogan (Netflix)

“Last Men in Aleppo,” Feras Fayyad, Kareem Abeed, Soren Steen Jepersen (iTunes)

“Strong Island,” Yance Ford, Joslyn Barnes (Netflix)

*Best Documentary Short Subject:

 

“Edith+Eddie,” Laura Checkoway, Thomas Lee Wright

“Heaven is a Traffic Jam on the 405,” Frank Stiefel

“Heroin(e),” Elaine McMillion Sheldon, Kerrin Sheldon (Netflix)

“Knife Skills,” Thomas Lennon

“Traffic Stop,” Kate Davis, David Heilbroner (HBO)

Best Live Action Short Film: “DeKalb Elementary,” Reed Van Dyk

“The Eleven O’Clock,” Derin Seale, Josh Lawson

“My Nephew Emmett,” Kevin Wilson, Jr.

“The Silent Child,” Chris Overton, Rachel Shenton

“Watu Wote/All of Us,” Katja Benrath, Tobias Rosen

*Best Foreign Language Film:

 

“A Fantastic Woman” (Chile)

“The Insult” (Lebanon)

“Loveless” (Russia)

“On Body and Soul (Hungary)

“The Square” (Sweden)

Film Editing: “Baby Driver,” Jonathan Amos, Paul Machliss

“Dunkirk,” Lee Smith

“I, Tonya,” Tatiana S. Riegel

“The Shape of Water,” Sidney Wolinsky

“Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri,” Jon Gregory*

Sound Editing: “Baby Driver,” Julian Slater

“Blade Runner 2049,” Mark Mangini, Theo Green

“Dunkirk,” Alex Gibson, Richard King

“The Shape of Water,” Nathan Robitaille, Nelson Ferreira

“Star Wars: The Last Jedi,” Ren Klyce, Matthew Wood

Sound Mixing:

 

“Baby Driver,” Mary H. Ellis, Julian Slater, Tim Cavagin

“Blade Runner 2049,” Mac Ruth, Ron Bartlett, Doug Hephill

“Dunkirk,” Mark Weingarten, Gregg Landaker, Gary A. Rizzo

“The Shape of Water,” Glen Gauthier, Christian Cooke, Brad Zoern

“Star Wars: The Last Jedi,” Stuart Wilson, Ren Klyce, David Parker, Michael Semanick

Production Design “Beauty and the Beast,” Sarah Greenwood; Katie Spencer

“Blade Runner 2049,” Dennis Gassner, Alessandra Querzola

“Darkest Hour,” Sarah Greenwood, Katie Spencer

“Dunkirk,” Nathan Crowley, Gary Fettis

“The Shape of Water,” Paul D. Austerberry, Jeffrey A. Melvin, Shane Vieau

Original Score “Dunkirk,” Hans Zimmer

“Phantom Thread,” Jonny Greenwood

“The Shape of Water,” Alexandre Desplat

“Star Wars: The Last Jedi,” John Williams

“Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri,” Carter Burwell

Original Song: “Mighty River” from “Mudbound,” Mary J. Blige

“Mystery of Love” from “Call Me by Your Name,” Sufjan Stevens

“Remember Me” from “Coco,” Kristen Anderson-Lopez, Robert Lopez

“Stand Up for Something” from “Marshall,” Diane Warren, Common

“This Is Me” from “The Greatest Showman,” Benj Pasek, Justin Paul

Makeup and Hair:

 

“Darkest Hour,” Kazuhiro Tsuji, David Malinowski, Lucy Sibbick

“Victoria and Abdul,” Daniel Phillips and Lou Sheppard

“Wonder,” Arjen Tuiten

Costume Design “Beauty and the Beast,” Jacqueline Durran

“Darkest Hour,” Jacqueline Durran

“Phantom Thread,” Mark Bridges

“The Shape of Water,” Luis Sequeira

“Victoria and Abdul,” Consolata Boyle

Visual Effects “Blade Runner 2049,” John Nelson, Paul Lambert, Richard R. Hoover, Gerd Nefzer

“Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2,” Christopher Townsend, Guy Williams, Jonathan Fawkner, Dan Sudick

“Kong: Skull Island,” Stephen Rosenbaum, Jeff White, Scott Benza, Mike Meinardus

“Star Wars: The Last Jedi,”  Ben Morris, Mike Mulholland, Chris Corbould, Neal Scanlan

“War for the Planet of the Apes,” Joe Letteri, Dan Lemmon, Daniel Barrett, Joel Whist

 

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Stores Going out of Business

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What isn’t there to like about online shopping? It’s easy, there’s usually a better selection than in store, and you can always return your item if you don’t like it.  These three reasons among others were responsible for the closure of over 6,000 stores last year, and this year doesn’t seem to be looking any better.  Online shopping has slowly begun to replace in-store shopping, and it was especially evident in 2017 when it was revealed that store closures were 200% more than in 2016.

According to Forbes, the desires of the consumers has also drastically impacted the status of stores.  In the past, people wanted products that were commercial, prestigious, global, and generic. However, millenials and Gen Z consumers are now looking for products that are authentic, eco-friendly, artisanal, and locally sourced.  This poses a problem for many companies as store closure marks the beginning of company failure, but as companies move to online platforms, it seems that this could change.

A company that skyrocketed in popularity was Amazon. It offers free two day shipping and free returns, and it is beginning to pave the way for a new shopping experience.  Consumers are able to order anything ranging from phones to clothes to household items to groceries, and it all has one easy checkout.  The variety of items that consumers are able to get from one place saves time that some people aren’t willing to sacrifice for shopping, and it also endangers companies that specialize in one category.

Barnes and Nobles is an example of a store that is suffering because of Amazon. With the rising popularity of ebooks, the need for physical books is decreasing.  Amazon’s easy system and accessibility are causing the company to suffer, and last year, Amazon stores replaced almost every Barnes and Nobles store.  Considering how Amazon also bought Whole Foods last year, it appears that Amazon is slowly taking over.

 

Some other stores that are suffering are:

 

Radio Shack

JC Penney

Macy’s

Abercrombie & Fitch

Barnes and Nobles

Guess

Gamestop

CVS

Sears

K Mart

J.Crew

Staples

The Limited

Gap

Ann Taylor

TJMaxx

Costco

Home Depot

 

https://www.cnbc.com/2017/12/26/store-closures-rocked-retail-in-2017-and-more-should-come-next-year.html

https://www.forbes.com/sites/richardkestenbaum/2017/04/07/why-so-many-stores-are-closing-now/#34e6bf2c4159

https://qz.com/943870/amazon-amzn-will-replace-nearly-every-bookstore-barnes-noble-bks-closes-in-2017/

 

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